I have posted a similar question in the student forum and received some assistance, and hope it is not out of order to post this here.
I am interested in the substance known popularly as MMS (Miracle Mineral Supplement) which is a 28% Sodium chlorite solution which is reacted with citric acid to produce chlorine dioxide for use as a general disinfection, antibacterial and antiviral agent.
See here for information on MMS and the in vivo actions of chlorine dioxide http://www.bioredox.mysite.com/CLOXhtml/CLOXhome.htm
I have seen instructions on the net which purport to describe a method of producing sodium chlorite by the electrolysis of sodium chloride solution see here :-http://www.ehow.com/how_5188671_make-sodium-chlorite.html
However other information on the net, and a reply in the student forum tells me the principle product of this process is sodium chlorate, not chlorite although perhaps some of the latter may be produced?
I have constructed the processing cell described above and after allowing the cell to run for several days on a 12V DC supply drawing about 200mA with about 400mg of NaCl dissolved in 1 liter of water, the gassing at the carbon electrodes ceased. It produced a solution which has obviously some free chlorine or chlorine dioxide being released from the slight smell of chlorine.
Reacting a few drops of the solution with 10% citric acid solution gives a noticeable smell of chlorine, possibly also chlorine dioxide, which I believe smells the same, although I appreciate it is very different chemically from chlorine.
The intention is to be able to produce chlorine dioxide by the slow reaction with citric or acetic acid for use as described for MMS (see here http://jimhumble.biz/
)My question is, as the main product of the electrolysis is sodium chlorate not chlorite, will the reaction of citric or acetic acid still produce chlorine dioxide, not just chlorine?If so could sodium chlorate be used instead of sodium chlorite in the MMS (Miracle Mineral Supplement) applications to produce chlorine dioxide and hypochlorous acid?
The reaction with citric or acetic acid is apparently a slow one taking perhaps an hour or more and facilitates the ongoing production of chlorine dioxide in the stomach after the diluted mixture of up to 15 drops of MMS and an equal amount of 10% citric acid is ingested.
As explanatory background to this question. ClO2 has an electro potential of -0.93eV, which is less than that of the O2 molecule at -1.3eV. In vivo ClO2 does not harm normal body tissue which is accustomed to an oxygen rich environment, however most pathogens viral, bacterial, and parasitic, are anaerobic and prone to oxidation by ClO2, which is readily absorbed by the red blood cells.
MMS also produces hypochlorous acid in the stomach which is used by white cells (which also produce their own hypochlorous acid) to destroy pathogens as a normal part of the immune system function. The use of MMS/ClO2 has been extensively trialed in Malawi and Kenya for the treatment of Malaria with 100% success. It has also been found highly effective in the treatment of a wide variety of other viral, bacterial and parasitic conditions.
While sodium chlorite(MMS) is fairly easily available, it is not so easily available or cheap as common salt, which can be very easily electrolysed to sodium chlorate. If chlorine dioxide can be produced from the chlorate in a similar manner to the MMS(chlorite) process in vivo the availability of the process would be even more universal.
There are a number of US patents for various methods of electrolysing dilute NaCl solutions which claim spectacular therapeutic applications for the resultant electrolyte in disinfection of wounds and treatment of diabetic ulcers. It is probable that ClO2 is the active agent if such claims are valid, which suggests to me that chlorine dioxide may also be a by product of the electrolysis of NaCl solution, not only NaClO3. Is this so?
If you have read the description of the simple apparatus I used to electrolyse the concentrated NaCl solution, using graphite electrodes, can anyone advise how (if) the process could be varied to produce some NaClO2 along with the main product NaClO3?Perhaps by control or variation of solution initial concentration, temperature, voltage and or current, electrode material, time of reaction or addition of a catalyst?
I am aware of the usual industrial process for making Sodium chlorite from sodium chlorate, which was also referred to in the student forum, but this is not suitable, being too complex in the context considered.
If MMS could be made anywhere from electrolysed common salt solution and not even sodium chlorite would be needed as a basic material, the implications of that would be obvious to anyone who has an understanding of the potential uses of MMS.
I am not great at chemistry, actually an engineer, but please don't hold back with the reaction equations or explanations, I'll try to follow along.