I am a novice at chemistry and I am trying to understand in some detail what happens when HCl dissolves in water as well as what happens when NaOH dissolves in water, so I tried to diagram it out (see attachment). But I have a couple of questions (in red font in diagram).
For example, when plain Cl gas dissolves in water, each Cl- ion gets surrounded by H2O (ion-dipole bonds), but does the same thing happen when HCl dissolves: does each Cl- ion get surrounded by H3O ions (ionic bonds)? I would assume that each Cl- ion would strive to hook up with something else after losing its H pal....
And when NaOH dissolves, same question (=what happens with the Na+ ion)?
Also, if there are other inaccuracies in my diagram, please let me know.