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Specialty Chemistry Forums => Nuclear Chemistry and Radiochemistry Forum => Topic started by: Babcock_Hall on November 09, 2021, 10:32:51 AM

Title: gamma rays from various isotopes as a forensic tool
Post by: Babcock_Hall on November 09, 2021, 10:32:51 AM
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1903481116

I teach a little bit of basic nuclear chemistry as it relates to forensic chemistry.  My textbook mentioned that the ratio of cesium-134 (at 605 and796 KeV)  to cesium-137 (662 KeV) and the ratio of iodine-133 to iodine-131 can be used to determine whether the cause of radioactivity was a nuclear bomb or the meltdown of a nuclear reactor.  It also mentioned that there was a handheld device that could be plugged into a cell phone that could be used in this regard but gave almost no specifics.  I did a quick search that turned up the paper above.  It deals with cesium-137 years after nuclear tests were done.

I am looking for a source of basic information that deals with how one identifies and quantitates various radioactive isotopes, especially these four; it seems plausible that the energy of emission is a characteristic property.  If the reading were too advanced for my class, I might be able to summarize it for them.
Title: Re: gamma rays from various isotopes as a forensic tool
Post by: Corribus on November 09, 2021, 11:14:05 AM
I guess ICP-MS is gradually replacing traditional spectrometric methods of detecting fission products.

E.g., https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlehtml/2017/ja/c6ja00334f , https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19542689/ , https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2014/ja/c3ja50291k etc.