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Chemistry Forums for Students => High School Chemistry Forum => Topic started by: radeon4u on May 17, 2005, 10:56:59 PM

Title: buffer
Post by: radeon4u on May 17, 2005, 10:56:59 PM
is mixture of NaOH and CO2 in water buffer?
Title: Re:buffer
Post by: Mitch on May 17, 2005, 10:59:51 PM
No, read your book.
Title: Re:buffer
Post by: AWK on May 18, 2005, 03:24:34 AM
In some cases - yes, but on the condition that molar ratio CO2/NaOH is greater then 0.5. Mixtures H2CO3/NaHCO3 (ratio .GT. 1) or NaHCO3/Na2CO3 (ratio between 0.5 and 1) form buffer solutions
Title: Re:buffer
Post by: Borek on May 18, 2005, 04:01:44 AM
Genral idea is that you must have acid and conjugated base in the solution. In the case of the carbinc acid there are two such pairs. When you dissolve CO2 in NaOH - depending on the CO2 and NaOH amounts - you will get mixtures containg all three possible forms of carbonic acid - H2CO3, HCO3(-) and CO3(2-). As AWK stated whether they will form a buffer depends on their ratio, which in turn depends on the ratio of NaOH and CO2 used at the beginning.