# Chemical Forums

## Chemistry Forums for Students => High School Chemistry Forum => Chemistry Olympiad and other competitions => Topic started by: vanderwaals on September 12, 2016, 05:26:48 PM

Title: Find Empirical Formula from Unit Cell
Post by: vanderwaals on September 12, 2016, 05:26:48 PM
Problem: The cubic unit cell of a perovskite structure containing atoms of types A, B, and C is illustrated below. What is the empirical formula of this substance?

(A) ABC  (B) ABC3  (C)AB4C6  (D)AB8C12

The correct answer is (B). I initially did this problem by counting how many of each type of atom there was in the cubic unit cell, so I got (D), which was obviously wrong. I do not understand how the answer could possibly be (B), because it seems like there are far more B atoms than A atoms, while the answer choice says that they are equal. I think I do not fundamentally understand what the unit cell says about the empirical formula...could someone explain why the answer is (B)?
Title: Re: Find Empirical Formula from Unit Cell
Post by: Vidya on September 12, 2016, 11:23:17 PM
You should calculate the number of atoms per unit cell...you can not predict it just by looking at it...
I walk you through how to do it ...
How many A's in one unit cell...it is body centered
How many C's ---it is edge centered
How many B's --it is on the corners of the unit cell ...
now check how are they shared by different immediate neighboring unit cells which are touching this cell...
You will get the answer ...work on it ..
Title: Re: Find Empirical Formula from Unit Cell
Post by: AWK on September 13, 2016, 12:21:15 AM
And remember about cubic symmetry. I mean triple axis. This may verify your counting.
Title: Re: Find Empirical Formula from Unit Cell
Post by: vanderwaals on September 13, 2016, 05:42:54 PM