October 20, 2019, 02:14:30 AM
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Topic: ZnO nanoparticles as catalyst for Coumarin synthesis  (Read 644 times)

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Offline Dharsh

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ZnO nanoparticles as catalyst for Coumarin synthesis
« on: May 22, 2019, 01:02:46 AM »
Hey guys!

I am trying to use ZnO nanoparticles(ZnO NPs) as catalyst for Coumarin synthesis. I tried Knoevenagel condensation under thermal conditions. I went with the literature and added salicylaldehyde, diethylmalonate and ZnO NPs but I am not getting any solid product. From what I know about Knoevenagel condensation, it requires a mild base which can abstract the acidic proton from diethylmalonate. Could lack of mild base be the reason for not getting any product?

Offline wildfyr

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Re: ZnO nanoparticles as catalyst for Coumarin synthesis
« Reply #1 on: May 22, 2019, 12:32:28 PM »
I have not had recreating luck with those transition metal NP papers. I gave iron NPs a shot to do NO2 reduction and got classic glop. I think these reactions are quite sensitive to NP size, surface chemistry, etc.

Offline Dharsh

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Re: ZnO nanoparticles as catalyst for Coumarin synthesis
« Reply #2 on: May 24, 2019, 09:43:32 AM »
I have not had recreating luck with those transition metal NP papers. I gave iron NPs a shot to do NO2 reduction and got classic glop. I think these reactions are quite sensitive to NP size, surface chemistry, etc.
Yes, I got some glop too! I tried using piperidine as my base and had no luck yesterday. I read somewhere that an excess of piperidine can make the product gooey. So, today I reduced the amount of piperidine and it worked! TLC looks good but I need to characterise further. Thanks a lot!

Offline wildfyr

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Re: ZnO nanoparticles as catalyst for Coumarin synthesis
« Reply #3 on: May 24, 2019, 06:28:32 PM »
Awesome to hear your success story!

Care to share the paper you were following?

Offline Dharsh

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Re: ZnO nanoparticles as catalyst for Coumarin synthesis
« Reply #4 on: May 25, 2019, 03:15:28 AM »
Yeah sure! This is the paper I referred to.
https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jcsc/123/05/0615-0621

I also referred to a lab report on the synthesis of 3-Carbethoxycoumarin. Not a published work but I found it useful.
http://sites.psu.edu/timikeyi/wp-content/uploads/sites/10213/2014/02/Synthesis-of-3-Carbethoxycoumarin.docx




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