Explain how an enantiomer and a diastereomer differ from one another. Give an example of an everyday object that might help you better illustrate the difference between these two types of isomers. (2 points)
Explain the difference between and tertiary alcohol and a tertiary amine. Your answer must include the structural formula of an example for each compound. (2 points)
Draw both the condensed and the structural formula for each of the following compounds: (2 points each)
Aspartame is an artificial sweetener that became increasingly common in the 1990's. Below you will find the structure of Aspartame. Circle all of the functional groups found on this molecule, and name each group and the family to which it belongs. (5 points)
Identify the type of reaction; be careful, some reactions can be classified into multiple categories. (1 point each)
CH3CH2CHOHCH3 + HBr → CH3CH2CHBrCH3 + H2O
acetic acid combining with methanol to form the ester
CH3COOCH3 and water
Identify each of the following types of reactions, and then predict and name the family for the major product(s) formed: (4 points)
H2CO and an oxidizing agent
CH3COOH and CH3CH2OH
Draw the reactants and products of the following reaction: (4 points)
3-ethyl-2-heptene + HOH → 3-ethyl-3-heptanol + 3-ethyl-2-heptanol
What is the major product? What is the minor product?
Why is it possible for two products to form in this reaction?
Why is the formation of the major product favoured over the minor product?
What type of reaction is this classified as?