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Topic: which N is most basic on nicotine? why?  (Read 178 times)

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Offline AussieKenDoll

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which N is most basic on nicotine? why?
« on: July 19, 2019, 11:06:06 AM »
Out of the two N atoms on the nicotine, which one is more basic? and why?

Offline hollytara

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Re: which N is most basic on nicotine? why?
« Reply #1 on: July 19, 2019, 12:12:28 PM »
The N-methyl pyrrolidine is more basic (pKb ~6) while the pyridine is less basic (pKb ~10).  If you look up crystal structures of nicotinium salts, they are protonated on the pyrrolidine.  This is less basic than expected for a tertiary amine (pKb usually 3-4) and for a pyridine (usually ~9). The difference is less in the gas phase - the two basic sites are sufficiently similar in energy that protons will be exchanged between the two. 

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