"Surgical steel" isn't accurate enough. It can belong to very different families of stainless steelhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surgical_stainless_steel
The hard martensitic or ledeburitic stainless steels make cutting tools, possibly some prostheses. They definitely won't resist hydrochloric acid. Even a short exposure would collapse its future resistance to water, needing special cleaning.
The softer austenitic stainless steel, of "surgical" or marine composition (Aisi 316L or 17Cr-12Ni-Mo-blahblah) makes piercings and some implants. It resists hydrochloric acid in reasonable concentration at room temperature.