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Topic: Chirality  (Read 298 times)

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Offline chenglonglo

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Chirality
« on: February 11, 2020, 03:42:36 PM »
Acetaldehyde, CH3CHO is considered prochiral because it can be converted into a chiral compound in a single step. Which of the following would cause acetaldehyde to form a chiral product?

A   Addition of an -OH group
B   Addition of an -H group
C   Replacement of the C=O group with 2 -H groups
D   Addition of an -OCH3 group

Why?   
Addition of an -OCH3 group would make 4 different substituent groups on a carbon atom, making the molecule chiral. It would have a -CH3 group, an -OH group, an -H group, and an -OCH3 group. Options (A) through (C) would each result in the product having at least two identical substituents and therefore achiral.

The question I am wondering is why it is not A. Because the explanation for D makes it seems as if there should be a total of 8 Hydrogens after adding an OCH3 group because the explanation states it would have -CH3, -OH, -OCH3, and an -H group making 8 Hydrogens instead of 7 if you just add -OCH3 to CH3CHO.

Offline Babcock_Hall

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Re: Chirality
« Reply #1 on: February 11, 2020, 04:12:37 PM »
It might help to draw out the product in A.

Offline mjc123

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Re: Chirality
« Reply #2 on: February 12, 2020, 04:45:21 AM »
Quote
making 8 Hydrogens instead of 7 if you just add -OCH3 to CH3CHO.
You don't just add OCH3. You add an OCH3 group to the carbon, but the net reaction is addition of HOCH3 to the molecule, with the H going on the carbonyl oxygen.
Similarly with A and B.

Offline rolnor

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Re: Chirality
« Reply #3 on: February 12, 2020, 08:25:31 AM »
It should be said that the product in case D is not stable, its a hemiacetal?

Offline hollytara

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Re: Chirality
« Reply #4 on: February 12, 2020, 08:28:17 PM »
And case A is the aldehyde hydrate, which (like this hemiacetal) cannot be isolated.

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