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### Topic: Regional Brazilian olympic question that nobody get it right  (Read 577 times)

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#### MathyMed

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##### Regional Brazilian olympic question that nobody get it right
« on: August 28, 2020, 01:18:09 AM »
This question was in Osequim 2018 (Chemistry Olympics of Sergipe) for 2nd graders in high school (about 15/16 years old) and it's not normal to students learn organic chemistry at this grade, however this question appeared at the test and me as well as everybody else, got 0 points from this question, as you can see in these pictures: https://prnt.sc/u799en
https://prnt.sc/u79dly

(Translation)
http://prntscr.com/u79cjb
Question 12: Sulphanilic acid, used in the manufacture of dyes, is prepared by the reaction of aniline with acid
sulfuric: (see picture)
The acid has a pKa value of 3.23. The sodium salt of the acid, Na (H2NC6H4SO3), is very soluble in water.
If you dissolve 1.25 g of the salt in 125 mL of solution, what is the pH of the solution?

I've been looking for help to solve this question since the day of the test (May 2018) and since then i still have no clue how to solve this
« Last Edit: August 28, 2020, 04:09:45 AM by Borek »

#### AWK

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##### Re: Regional Brazilian olympic question that nobody get it right
« Reply #1 on: August 28, 2020, 01:35:34 AM »
Can you solve the problem: what is pH 0.05 M sodium acetate (acetic acid has a pKa of 4.77)?
« Last Edit: August 28, 2020, 02:04:08 AM by AWK »
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#### Anduril

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##### Re: Regional Brazilian olympic question that nobody get it right
« Reply #2 on: August 29, 2020, 06:04:53 AM »
Do you happen to know what answer is correct? It would help

#### AWK

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##### Re: Regional Brazilian olympic question that nobody get it right
« Reply #3 on: August 29, 2020, 06:25:03 AM »
For my question answer is pH=11.0 (10.96).
For Brasilian question, I got the result by 0.01 units lower from that given by OLimpiad Organizers (this difference is unimportant).
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#### MNIO

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##### Re: Regional Brazilian olympic question that nobody get it right
« Reply #4 on: September 02, 2020, 09:09:20 PM »
I suppose I'd do this.
*********
after dissolving the salt in solution NaA --> Na(+) + A(-)   you then have this reaction
A(-) + H2O <--> HA + OH-
with
kb = [HA][OH-]/[A-] = kw / ka = 1x10-14 / 10-3.23 = 1.698x10^-11

initial concentration of A-
(1.25g / 0.125L) * (1 mol / 172.15g) = 0.05809 M

from an ICE table
[A-]         [HA]       [OH-]
initial               0.05809        0             0
change                 -x            +x           +x
equilibrium      0.05809-x      x              x

plugging that back into the equation for Kb
x2 / (0.05809 - x) = 1.698x10^-11
x = 9.932x10^-7 = [OH-]

so that
pOH = -log(9.932x10^-7) = 6.00
pH = 14.00 - 6.00 = 8.00

#### AWK

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##### Re: Regional Brazilian olympic question that nobody get it right
« Reply #5 on: September 03, 2020, 12:37:06 AM »
The molecular mass of sodium sulfanilate C6H6NNaO3S is 195.171.
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#### MNIO

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##### Re: Regional Brazilian olympic question that nobody get it right
« Reply #6 on: September 03, 2020, 03:37:52 PM »
is it?  ooops... my bad. I looked at the (H2NC6H4SO3) and forgot to add the sodium.. ok then.. recalculated

*********
same to here.  then

initial concentration of A-
(1.25g / 0.125L) * (1 mol / 195.17g) = 0.05124 M

from an ICE table
[A-]         [HA]       [OH-]
initial               0.05124        0             0
change                 -x            +x           +x
equilibrium      0.05124-x      x              x

plugging that back into the equation for Kb
x2 / (0.05124 - x) = 1.698x10-11
x = 9.328x10-7 = [OH-]

so that
pOH = -log(9.328x10-7) = 6.03
pH = 14.00 - 6.00 = 7.97

#### AWK

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##### Re: Regional Brazilian olympic question that nobody get it right
« Reply #7 on: September 03, 2020, 03:39:54 PM »
is it?  ooops... my bad. I looked at the (H2NC6H4SO3)  ok then.. recalculated

pH = 14.00 - 6.00 = 7.97
Copy/paste error.
AWK