Here are the questions with unknown answers.
1) At 1 bar, the boiling point of water is 372.78 K. At this temperature and pressure, the density of liquid water is 958.66 kg/m3 and that of gaseous water is 0.59021 kg/m3. What are the molar volumes. in m3 mol-1 of liquid and gaseous water at this temperature and pressure? in Liters/mol?
2) Refer to the answer to 1) question. Assuming that a water molecule excludes the other water molecules from a cubic region centered on itself, estimate the average distance between nearest-neighbor water molecules in the liquid and in the gas.
3)Calculate the molar volume and gaseous water at 1 bar and 372.78 K from ideal gas equation. What is the error, expressed as a percentage of the value, you calculated in question 1).
4) At 372.78 K, the virial coefficient B* for water is -1.487 × 10-7 Pa-1. Calculate the molar volume of gaseous water at 1 bar and 372.78 K from the virial equation: Z=PV̅/RT= 1+B*P. What is the error, expressed as a percentage of the value, you computed in question 1).
5) Compute the molar volume of gaseous water at 1 bar and 372.78 K from van der Waals' equation. The van der Waals' parameters for water are a=5.537 bar L2 mol-1 and b=0.0305 L mol-1. What is the error, expressed as the percentage of the value, you computed in question 1)?
6)What are your comments on the results in questions 3,4 and 5? At this temperature, would you expect the accuracy to increase or decrease at lower pressure?