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Topic: Physical and theoretical chemistry questions  (Read 872 times)

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Offline Win,odd Dhamnekar

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Re: Physical and theoretical chemistry questions
« Reply #15 on: November 07, 2020, 10:04:10 AM »
Van der waals' equation is [tex]\big( 1 bar+\frac{5.537 bar*l^2*mol}{V^2}\big)*(V-0.0305 l)=3099.4688722 J[/tex]

 We can express [itex]V= Xlitres[/itex] So, how to answer question 5)?
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Offline Borek

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Re: Physical and theoretical chemistry questions
« Reply #16 on: November 07, 2020, 10:19:56 AM »
Molar volume of gaseous water is 0.030589 m3/mol using Charles' law for temperature- volume relationship.

You are not asked to use Charles' law for 1.

I pointed you in the right direction. You know the mass, you know the density, that's enough to calculate molar volume using a correct definition. If you prefer to ignore the advice and waste time - so be it.
« Last Edit: November 07, 2020, 10:55:14 AM by Borek »
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Offline Win,odd Dhamnekar

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Re: Physical and theoretical chemistry questions
« Reply #17 on: November 07, 2020, 10:56:46 AM »
 I didn't know that the molar mass of liquid water and gaseous water are one and the same that is 18.02 g/mol.
 that's why i used charles' law.
 Any way, how to answer question 2) and 5) ?
  Regarding question 2), i don't have any idea.  But while answering question 5), I faced difficulty in inputing the equation into equation solver of HP 50g calculator. It said " Invalid object type". How to solve it manually for V in easy way?
Any science consists of the following process.
 1) See2)Hear 3) Smell if needed4) Taste if needed
5) Think 6) Understand 7) Inference 8) take decision [Believe or disbelieve, useful or useless, healthy or unhealthy, cause or effect, favorable or unfavorable, practical or theoretical, practically possible or practically impossible or any other required criteria]

Offline Win,odd Dhamnekar

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Re: Physical and theoretical chemistry questions
« Reply #18 on: November 07, 2020, 11:26:26 PM »
My attempt to answer question 5)
 Final Van der Waals' equation is [tex]100x_J+ \frac{553.7_{J·Mol}}{x}-3.05_J -\frac{16.88785_{J·Mol}}{x^2}=3099.4688722_J[/tex]

Where x= Volume in liters. [itex]1_{bar·liter}=100_J.[/itex] Now, how to find x?
Any science consists of the following process.
 1) See2)Hear 3) Smell if needed4) Taste if needed
5) Think 6) Understand 7) Inference 8) take decision [Believe or disbelieve, useful or useless, healthy or unhealthy, cause or effect, favorable or unfavorable, practical or theoretical, practically possible or practically impossible or any other required criteria]

Offline Win,odd Dhamnekar

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Re: Physical and theoretical chemistry questions
« Reply #19 on: November 15, 2020, 12:13:55 PM »
Answers 1) The molar volume of liquid water is [itex]0.0000188m^3/mol[/itex] viz. 0.0188 liters/mol.
   The molar volume of gaseous water is [itex]0.03053150574 m^3/mol[/itex] viz. 30.53150574 liters/mol.
2) The average distance between nearest-neighbor water molecules in the liquid phase is 315 pm and in the gaseous phase 3701 pm.

3) From ideal gas equation, the computed value of molar volume of gaseous water is [itex]0.030994688722 m^3/mol [/itex] The error, expressed as a percentage of the computed value in question 1 is [itex]\frac{0.030994688722 m^3/mol}{0.03053150574 m^3/mol}=101.517[/itex]%

4) The molar volume of gaseous water at 1 bar and 372,78 K is [itex]0.0305338 m^3/mol[/itex] viz.30.5338 liters/mol. The error, expressed as a percentage of the computed value in question 1 is [itex]\frac{0.0305338m^3/mol}{0.03053150574m^3/mol}=100.075144[/itex]%

5) The molar volume of gaseous water at 1 bar and 372.78 K from van der waals' equation is [itex]0.000140306968475 m^3/mol[/itex] viz.0.140306968475 liters/mol.

The error, expressed as a percentage of the computed value in question 1 is [itex]\frac{0.000140306968475m^3/mol}{0.03053150574 m^3/mol}=0.459548[/itex]%

6)What are your comments on the results of questions 3,4 and 5? At this temperature, would you expect the accuracy to increase or decrease at lower pressure?   
Any science consists of the following process.
 1) See2)Hear 3) Smell if needed4) Taste if needed
5) Think 6) Understand 7) Inference 8) take decision [Believe or disbelieve, useful or useless, healthy or unhealthy, cause or effect, favorable or unfavorable, practical or theoretical, practically possible or practically impossible or any other required criteria]

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