December 01, 2021, 01:47:02 AM
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### Topic: The point of anti-bonding orbitals  (Read 942 times)

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#### Meter

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##### The point of anti-bonding orbitals
« on: February 06, 2021, 05:09:11 AM »
I'm taking organic chemistry right now, and we have just been introduced to the concept of anti-bonding orbitals. I get that the point of the anti-bonding orbital is to conserve orbitals during bonding, but since orbital theory is just a mathematical concept which maps  the probability of where an electron has the highest chance of existing, the orbitals themselves carry no physical meaning. Why must the model account for conservation of orbitals when it seems equally convenient to just leave them out?

Please explain like I have taken some calc II and linear algebra.
« Last Edit: February 06, 2021, 07:07:22 AM by Meter »

#### Babcock_Hall

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##### Re: The point of anti-bonding orbitals
« Reply #1 on: February 06, 2021, 09:58:06 AM »
I have very little knowledge in this area, but I will try to explain why I think that anti-bonding orbitals are useful, which may or may not be what you are asking.  Consider the series from N2 to O2 to F2.  How does MO theory explain the decrease in bond order?  The other area in which I find anti-bonding orbitals useful is in UV/VIS spectrophotometry.  The absorption of a photon promotes an electron into an anti-bonding orbital.

#### Meter

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##### Re: The point of anti-bonding orbitals
« Reply #2 on: February 07, 2021, 04:29:47 AM »
I have very little knowledge in this area, but I will try to explain why I think that anti-bonding orbitals are useful, which may or may not be what you are asking.  Consider the series from N2 to O2 to F2.  How does MO theory explain the decrease in bond order?  The other area in which I find anti-bonding orbitals useful is in UV/VIS spectrophotometry.  The absorption of a photon promotes an electron into an anti-bonding orbital.
Thanks. That seems like adequate justification.

#### Corribus

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##### Re: The point of anti-bonding orbitals
« Reply #3 on: February 08, 2021, 09:20:59 AM »
I'm not sure I understand the question. If you define a molecule orbital as a linear combination of atomic orbital, then that's how you define it, and the subtractive combination is 50% of the linear combination - it's required by symmetry. In any case there is plenty of experimental evidence that is consistent with the concept of antibonding orbitals, so why would you ignore such an integral part of a theory if it's consistent with observation?
What men are poets who can speak of Jupiter if he were like a man, but if he is an immense spinning sphere of methane and ammonia must be silent?  - Richard P. Feynman

#### Enthalpy

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##### Re: The point of anti-bonding orbitals
« Reply #4 on: March 03, 2021, 06:04:36 AM »
[...] since orbital theory is just a mathematical concept which maps the probability of where an electron has the highest chance of existing [...]
Awawawawawatch!

The electron is a wave. It interacts simultaneously from all the positions covered by the wavefunction.