June 14, 2021, 11:02:35 PM
Forum Rules: Read This Before Posting


Topic: Why does a diatomic gas has only half the volume?  (Read 341 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Offline Maths___Man

  • Very New Member
  • *
  • Posts: 1
  • Mole Snacks: +0/-0
Why does a diatomic gas has only half the volume?
« on: May 01, 2021, 02:09:57 AM »
Like one mole of a diatomic gas has a volume of 11.2l but a monoatomic gas has 22.4l volume?

Offline Borek

  • Mr. pH
  • Administrator
  • Deity Member
  • *
  • Posts: 26563
  • Mole Snacks: +1723/-402
  • Gender: Male
  • I am known to be occasionally wrong.
    • Chembuddy
Re: Why does a diatomic gas has only half the volume?
« Reply #1 on: May 01, 2021, 03:15:44 AM »
This is not correct, or at least is worded in an incorrect and confusing way.

But let's start from the beginning: do you know Avogadro's principle?

How many molecules of gas in one mole of the monoatomic gas?

How many molecules of gas in one mole of the diatomic gas?

How many atoms of gas in one mole of the monoatomic gas?

How many atoms of gas in one mole of the diatomic gas?
ChemBuddy chemical calculators - stoichiometry, pH, concentration, buffer preparation, titrations.info, pH-meter.info

Offline sjb

  • Global Moderator
  • Sr. Member
  • ***
  • Posts: 3544
  • Mole Snacks: +218/-42
  • Gender: Male

Offline Orcio_Dojek

  • Full Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 203
  • Mole Snacks: +17/-2
Re: Why does a diatomic gas has only half the volume?
« Reply #3 on: May 01, 2021, 05:02:28 PM »
@Maths___Man

Volume of gas doesn't depend on it is mono-, di- or tri-atomic, but it is given by equation:

pV = nRT

That means that volume (V) (or pressure - p) of gas increases with its quantity (n) and temperature (T) (R is gas constant).

Structure of gas molecules is not important.

Sponsored Links