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Topic: How to convert grams to mililiters?  (Read 609 times)

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Offline Richeyyy

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How to convert grams to mililiters?
« on: September 05, 2021, 02:25:25 PM »
Hello, I'm kind of a newbie in chemistry calculations but I know a lot of basics about chemistry. Anyway, I've got a question. How do I convert grams to mililters, knowing molar mass, density and concentration?
I need 13g of HCl to be converted into ml.
Concentration is 32%
Molar mass is 36.458 g/mol
Density is 1.18 g/ml

Longer more detailed version: I have a 32% concentration HCl solution, I need 13g of HCl, how do I figure out how many mililiters (ml) I'll need to get those 13g of HCl?

If not too difficult, please could you give me the entire formula and how it's supposed to be calculated step by step? I need to do an auto-calculator in Microsoft Excel based on those formulas
« Last Edit: September 05, 2021, 03:34:43 PM by Richeyyy »

Offline Borek

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Re: How to convert grams to mililiters?
« Reply #1 on: September 05, 2021, 03:27:01 PM »
13g of HCl

13 g of HCl, or 13 g of 32% solution?

In general, m=V*d, where m is mass, V is volume, d is density.
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Offline Richeyyy

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Re: How to convert grams to mililiters?
« Reply #2 on: September 05, 2021, 03:32:47 PM »
oh so to get mass it's m=V*d, thanks a lot, and sorry I didn't mention that, I'll fix that up in a second. 13g of HCl.  I have HCl solution that is 32% concentration, and I need to figure out how many mililiters of the 32% solution I'll need, if I need 13g of HCl. I need the formula as well if possible

Offline Borek

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Re: How to convert grams to mililiters?
« Reply #3 on: September 05, 2021, 06:20:43 PM »
Look at the definition of percent concentration, if you know what mass of HCl you need finding mass of a solution that contains it is just a matter of rearranging the formula.
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Offline Richeyyy

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Re: How to convert grams to mililiters?
« Reply #4 on: September 05, 2021, 11:53:28 PM »
Yeah it may be possible for me to do, is concentration like, HCl 32% conc= 32g of HCl in 100ml of water?

Offline Richeyyy

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Re: How to convert grams to mililiters?
« Reply #5 on: September 06, 2021, 12:14:18 AM »
Is it 32/13=2.46. 100/2.46=40ml?

Offline Borek

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Re: How to convert grams to mililiters?
« Reply #6 on: September 06, 2021, 03:12:44 AM »
Yeah it may be possible for me to do, is concentration like, HCl 32% conc= 32g of HCl in 100ml of water?

Depends, but generally - no. If you dissolve 32 g of HCl in 100 mL of water you will get 24% solution.

Most often 32% is 32 g of HCl in 100 g of solution.
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Offline Richeyyy

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Re: How to convert grams to mililiters?
« Reply #7 on: September 06, 2021, 11:03:54 AM »
Sounds insanely complicated tbh

Offline Richeyyy

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Re: How to convert grams to mililiters?
« Reply #8 on: September 06, 2021, 11:24:56 AM »
Rip, after all I couldn't figure out what the formula was

Offline Borek

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Re: How to convert grams to mililiters?
« Reply #9 on: September 06, 2021, 11:39:22 AM »
Sounds insanely complicated tbh

No, that's quite simple. If you start with the definition (pretty easy to google):

[tex]C_\% = \frac {m_{solute}}{m_{solution}} \times 100\%[/tex]

32% means 32/100 of something, so if you have 100g of SOLUTION it contains 32 g of SOLUTE (HCl in your case).

100 mL of water is quite exactly 100 g of water.

Solution is both SOLUTE and SOLVENT. If you combine 32 g of HCl and 100 g of water you get 132 grams of solution. It contains 32g/132g*100% (just plugging into the definition) or 24% of HCl.
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Offline Richeyyy

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Re: How to convert grams to mililiters?
« Reply #10 on: September 06, 2021, 12:24:27 PM »
Thanks a bunch! ^^

Offline Richeyyy

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Re: How to convert grams to mililiters?
« Reply #11 on: September 06, 2021, 12:26:03 PM »
oh but that's only how to figure out concentration, but still thanks, I'll add that to my excel auto calculator. Idk if I didn't google enough but I couldn't rly find that percentage concentration fact that easily on google

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Re: How to convert grams to mililiters?
« Reply #12 on: September 06, 2021, 12:32:38 PM »
Is it 32/13=2.46. 100/2.46=40ml? Is that correct though?
Because if 32% HCl solution equals to 32g of 100(ml or g I dunno) of that 32% solution.
And I need to have 13g of HCl in my beaker. So calculating based on mass only, 32g divided by 13g would give me the factor which would tell me by how much I'm supposed to divide 100(ml or g?) of that 32% HCl solution to have grams converted to mililiters. Idk any other way to calculate it

Offline Borek

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Re: How to convert grams to mililiters?
« Reply #13 on: September 06, 2021, 02:25:25 PM »
Your calculation is partially right, but you are abusing units. You need about 40 g of the solution, not 40 mL. Then the mass of HCl is 32/100*40g = 12.8 g.

Density of the solution is about 1.16 g/mL (taken from the density tables), so the volume is lower than 40 mL.
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Offline Richeyyy

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Re: How to convert grams to mililiters?
« Reply #14 on: September 06, 2021, 10:17:45 PM »
Niiice thanks, probably the last question, if you're saying I need 40g of solution and not 40ml, can I use a measuring scale ir a kitchen scale to measure out 40g of solution? Like adding the solution into the beaker, 40g of it, would that be correct?

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