December 07, 2022, 02:10:41 AM
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Topic: Calculate the oxidation state of Cr(ClO3)3 and others  (Read 276 times)

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Offline al220007

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Calculate the oxidation state of Cr(ClO3)3 and others
« on: November 22, 2022, 04:47:37 PM »
I was calculating some oxidation states but I couldn't solve 3 of the compounds my teacher gave:
  • Cr(ClO3)3
  • ZnSO4
  • Al2(SO4)3

I know O has oxidation state equals -2 in all of them and Cl on the first compound hasn't oxidation state equals -1 because it's bonded with an O but now I'm stuck.

How should I solve them? Is there any rule I'm missing?

Thanks in advance!  ;)

Offline Borek

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Re: Calculate the oxidation state of Cr(ClO3)3 and others
« Reply #1 on: November 22, 2022, 05:26:34 PM »
Would writing these compound dissociated to ions help?
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Offline Orcio_87

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Re: Calculate the oxidation state of Cr(ClO3)3 and others
« Reply #2 on: November 22, 2022, 06:04:05 PM »
Quote
I know O has oxidation state equals -2 in all of them and Cl on the first compound hasn't oxidation state equals -1 because it's bonded with an O but now I'm stuck.
In neutral compound (not cation or anion) sum of the all oxidations states is equal 0.

Cr(ClO3)3 is a salt, it dissociate to cation and anion.

Offline al220007

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Re: Calculate the oxidation state of Cr(ClO3)3 and others
« Reply #3 on: November 22, 2022, 06:41:04 PM »
Would writing these compound dissociated to ions help?

I hope I did it right:

  • Cr(ClO3)3 --> Cr3+ + 3ClO3-
  • ZnSO4 --> Zn2+ + SO42-
  • Al2(SO4)3 --> 2Al3+ + 3SO42-

Now I calculated the oxidation state of each one separatedly and I think the result it's correct!

Example with Cr(ClO3)3

3 + 3(5 + 3(-2)) = 0 | +3 = 3 | +5 - 2 = -1
Cr(ClO3)3 | Cr3+ | 3ClO3-

I just need to review the ions charges.

Thank you <3

Offline Hunter2

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Re: Calculate the oxidation state of Cr(ClO3)3 and others
« Reply #4 on: November 23, 2022, 12:10:19 PM »
Looks OK.

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