I'm currently writing a school paper where i need to analyse a synthesis of 2,4Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid from 1941.
I have a good general idea of why the synthesis makes sense but some parts of it confuses me, mostly the part about why NaOH is added my current thinking is to neutralise the acid created from the reaktion and potentially as a catalyst. What i'm most confused about is the acidification where it seperates the liquid, i get that it's because of polarity but why does the warm water not split it?
I would love if anyone had some input on my two "questions" and on the entire synthesis in general.
Hope someone is able to help, here is a link to the synthesis ( i'm only looking at the one making 2,4Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid):https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/ja01851a601