I need help on this problem found in #114 of the GRE Chemistry Practice Book:
H2PO4- = HPO4-2 + H+ Ka = 5 x 10-8
114) Given the information shown above, how many millimoles of K2HPO4 must be added to 100 mL of a 0.100 M KH2PO4 solution to obtain a solution with a pH of 7.0?
a) 1.0 mmol
b) 5.0 mmol
c) 10 mmol
d) 20 mmol
e) 25 mmol
I want to use the Henderson Hasselbalch equation pH= pka + log
/[HA], but the GRE exam does not allow the use of calculator. Besides, its so hard to know the pKa if you will not use one (pka is 7.3 if you will use a calculator). Are there any strategies in solving this problem manually? The answer for the problem above is B.
Hope to hear suggestions. Thanks!