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Topic: Hydroiodic Acid synthesis from Iodine and hydrazine  (Read 18009 times)

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Offline ZOB

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Hydroiodic Acid synthesis from Iodine and hydrazine
« on: November 19, 2007, 10:30:47 AM »
Hello, this is my first post with regards to a problem I have.  I am currently attempting to synthesise (legally) hydroiodic acid from elemental iodine and hydrazine.  The Chemistry in its basic form says:

2I2 + N2H4 = 4HI + N2

I synthesise the supposed HI and get a clear yellow solution which i then distil off at 126 deg C.  However I then get upon cooling large crystals of NH4I.  Does any one know why?  All the books and research papers I have looked at say that HI is formed between the pH's 0.5 - 8.  I am now at a quandry.

Offline hmx9123

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Re: Hydroiodic Acid synthesis from Iodine and hydrazine
« Reply #1 on: November 19, 2007, 10:31:07 PM »
Why exactly do you need HI?  It's commonly used in illicit drug manufacture.

Offline ZOB

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Re: Hydroiodic Acid synthesis from Iodine and hydrazine
« Reply #2 on: November 20, 2007, 04:29:17 AM »
I am making high purity iodides LiI, FeI2 and BaI and I want to make HI from elemental iodine to keep the costs down instead of buying in HI which as you probably know costs a small fortune.  I have a licence to buy HI on the open market but from a business perspective I will make substantial savings if I make my own HI.

Offline Shaun

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Re: Hydroiodic Acid synthesis from Iodine and hydrazine
« Reply #3 on: November 21, 2007, 01:29:08 PM »
I'm a little skeptical about your interest in preparing your own HI, but I don't think my answer is going to help you if you plan to use it for illicit purposes.  I answer only to prevent you from blowing your or someone else's head off.

If you really do have a license to purchase HI and the capability and training to make it safely and properly, you should have ample access to resources sufficient to sort this out.  I recommend that you DO sort it out before you make another attempt to prepare it.

Your reaction is producing ammonia.  Ammonia + HI ---> NH4I.  The ammonia comes from the disproportionation of hydrazine - 3 moles of hydrazine produce 1 mole of N2 and 4 moles of NH3.

This reaction is often explosive.  The prospect of being showered in scalding hot HI should deter you from trying again.
« Last Edit: November 21, 2007, 01:41:00 PM by Shaun »

Offline ZOB

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Re: Hydroiodic Acid synthesis from Iodine and hydrazine
« Reply #4 on: November 22, 2007, 07:38:38 AM »
Thanks for the replies.  Firstly you are right to be skeptical about mme producing HI and I respect your vigilance.  However, if you have access to my e-mail you will see that it is a company e-mail address.  I am investigating methods of making HI with the full blessing of my managers for the reasons I have stated.  Furthermore it did I did manage to work the problem out for myself as you said.

HI + N2H4 = N2H5+I-
2N2H5+I- = NH3 + NH4I + HI

the greater the HI concentration the greater the decomposition.

By the way I am using iodine and Red Phosphorous now if this proves to be unworkable or too expensive I will be wheeling out the electrochemical cell.
thanks for the help

Offline hmx9123

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Re: Hydroiodic Acid synthesis from Iodine and hydrazine
« Reply #5 on: November 25, 2007, 12:57:41 AM »
You looking for anhydrous HI or aqueous?

Offline lost and found

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Re: Hydroiodic Acid synthesis from Iodine and hydrazine
« Reply #6 on: November 25, 2007, 09:18:09 AM »
By the way I am using iodine and Red Phosphorous now if this proves to be unworkable or too expensive I will be wheeling out the electrochemical cell.
thanks for the help

When you say "iodine and red phosphorus" are you referring to these reactions?

2P + 3I2 --> 2PI3

PI3 + 3H2O --> 3HBr + H3PO3

Offline hmx9123

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Re: Hydroiodic Acid synthesis from Iodine and hydrazine
« Reply #7 on: November 25, 2007, 04:26:41 PM »
I'm assuming you mean HI and not HBr?

Offline puppy8800

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Re: Hydroiodic Acid synthesis from Iodine and hydrazine
« Reply #8 on: November 26, 2007, 04:31:28 AM »
Just use P + I2 + H2O to produce HI
N2H4 is carcinogenic

Offline ZOB

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Re: Hydroiodic Acid synthesis from Iodine and hydrazine
« Reply #9 on: November 26, 2007, 04:47:42 AM »
I know but we did use about 100MT this year on other processes so we do know how to handle the material.  By the way I2 + Red P looks to have worked.  Just need to work out the economics.

thanks again

Offline hmx9123

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Re: Hydroiodic Acid synthesis from Iodine and hydrazine
« Reply #10 on: November 28, 2007, 03:41:58 PM »
There are other, cheaper ways to make HI, which is why I asked if you needed anhydrous or aqueous.

BTW, hydrazine is much more of an acute toxin than a carcinogen.

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