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Topic: Colors of Double Salts?  (Read 9123 times)

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SolarFlare

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Colors of Double Salts?
« on: March 16, 2004, 08:05:46 PM »
I would like to obtain some information about the following double salts: Potassium Nickel Sulfate Hydride, Potassium Cobalt Sulfate Hydride, Potassium Copper Sulfate Hydride, and Potassium Aluminum Sulfate Hydride (commonly known as Alum).  What colors are they when dissolved, and what are their empirical forumulae?  Thanks! :)


Edit: edited title for better indexing. Mitch
« Last Edit: April 24, 2004, 07:19:28 PM by Mitch »

nfstanley

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Re:Double Salts
« Reply #1 on: March 18, 2004, 11:24:44 AM »
I would like to obtain some information about the following double salts: Potassium Nickel Sulfate Hydride, Potassium Cobalt Sulfate Hydride, Potassium Copper Sulfate Hydride, and Potassium Aluminum Sulfate Hydride (commonly known as Alum).  What colors are they when dissolved, and what are their empirical forumulae?  Thanks! :)

Potassium Nickel Sulfate Hydrate (not "hydride"), Potassium  Cobalt Sulfate Hydrate, and Potassium Cupric Sulfate Hydrate all have the empirical formula

 K2M(SO4)2.6H2O

 where M denotes the divalent cation (Ni, Co, Cu).  In solution they are blue (green for Ni?).

Double sulfates of monovalent and trivalent  cations are commonly called alums.  They all have the formula

MN(SO4)2.12H2O

where M and N respectively denote the monovalent and trivalent cation.  Crystalographic studies indicate that six of the water molecules surround the trivalent cation in an octahedral arrangement while the remaining six occupy cavities within this structure.The color of their solutions depends on the trivalent ion (e.g., white for Al, violet for Cr).

Norm
« Last Edit: April 24, 2004, 06:36:02 PM by hmx9123 »

SolarFlare

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Re:Double Salts
« Reply #2 on: March 18, 2004, 04:48:52 PM »
Thanks a lot!!  :)

Offline AWK

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Re:Double Salts
« Reply #3 on: March 19, 2004, 03:24:08 AM »
Double salts - sulfates of monovalent  and divalent cations are also known eg (NH4)2SO4.FeSO4
or (NH4)2SO4.CuSO4 though they are not called alums
AWK
« Last Edit: March 19, 2004, 03:25:26 AM by AWK »
AWK

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