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Topic: resonance  (Read 5558 times)

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« on: April 19, 2004, 10:56:04 PM »
my teacher did not no the ansewer to this qustion please help if you can?

         why are there  extra valence electrons when double bounded with a negitive atom, such as nitrate?  when bonded oxygen gets an extra electron making it have seven rather then six.  

if you can help that would be great.

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« Reply #1 on: April 20, 2004, 12:34:55 AM »
First, each element in nitrate has 8 electrons. There is no weird chemistry involved. Except the formal charge on one of the oxygens is 7. The reason it had the higher formal charge is because: Given an option on which element should have the higher formal charge the more electronegative element will always want to have it.
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