The following information can help you about your question...so if you need more detail about it please write me a private email to email@example.com
G. SkoppPreanalytic aspects in postmortem toxicology
Forensic Science International Volume 142, Issues 2-3, 10 June 2004, Pages 75-100 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2004.02.012 <=(click on the link)
Olaf H. DrummerPostmortem toxicology of drugs of abuse
Forensic Science International Volume 142, Issues 2-3, 10 June 2004, Pages 101-113 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2004.02.013 <=(click on the link)Cannabis and cocaine: a lethal cocktail triggering coronary sudden death
Cardiovascular Pathology (article IN PRESS)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carpath.2007.05.005 <=(click on the link)
R. WennigThreshold values in toxicologynext term — useful or not?
Forensic Science International Volume 113, Issues 1-3, 11 September 2000, Pages 323-330http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0379-0738(00)00254-1 <=(click on the link)
Also, I copied a couple abstract of Toxicological Reviews:
Flanagan RJ, Connally G.Interpretation of analytical toxicology results in life and at postmortem.
Toxicol Rev. 2005;24(1):51-62.
Interpretation of analytical toxicology results from live patients is sometimes difficult. Possible factors may be related to: (i) the nature of the poison(s) present; (ii) sample collection, transport and storage; (iii) the analytical methodology used; (iv) the circumstances of exposure; (v) mechanical factors such as trauma or inhalation of stomach contents; and (vi) pharmacological factors such as tolerance or synergy. In some circumstances, detection of a drug or other poison may suffice to prove exposure. At the other extreme, the interpretation of individual measurements may be simplified by regulation. Examples here include whole blood alcohol (ethanol) in regard to driving a motor vehicle and blood lead assays performed to assess occupational exposure. With pharmaceuticals, the plasma or serum concentrations of drugs and metabolites attained during treatment often provide a basis for the interpretation of quantitative measurements. With illicit drugs, comparative information from casework may be all that is available. Postmortem toxicology is an especially complex area since changes in the composition of fluids such as blood depending on the site of collection from the body and the time elapsed since death, amongst other factors, may influence the result obtained. This review presents information to assist in the interpretation of analytical results, especially regarding postmortem toxicology. Collection and analysis of not only peripheral blood, but also other fluids/tissues is usually important in postmortem work. Alcohol, for example, can be either lost from, or produced in, blood especially if there has been significant trauma, hence measurements in urine or vitreous humour are needed to confirm the reliability of a blood result. Measurement of metabolites may also be valuable in individual cases.
Flanagan RJ, Connally G, Evans JM.Analytical toxicology: guidelines for sample collection postmortem.
Toxicol Rev. 2005;24(1):63-71.
The reliability and relevance of any analytical toxicology result is determined in the first instance by the nature and integrity of the specimen(s) submitted for analysis. This article provides guidelines for sample collection, labelling, transport and storage, especially regarding specimens obtained during a postmortem examination. Blood (5 mL) should be taken from two distinct peripheral sites, preferably left and right femoral veins, taking care not to draw blood from more central vessels. Urine (if available), vitreous humour (separate samples from each eye), a representative portion of stomach contents, and liver (10-20 g, right lobe) are amongst other important specimens. A preservative (sodium fluoride, 0.5-2% weight by volume (w/v) should be added to a portion of the blood sample/the sample from one vein, and to urine. Leave a small (10-20% headspace) in tubes containing liquids if they are likely to be frozen. Precautions to minimise the possibility of cross-contamination of biological specimens must be taken, especially if volatile poison(s) may be involved. If death occurred in hospital, any residual antemortem samples should be sought as a matter of urgency. Hair/nail collection should be considered if chronic exposure is suspected, for example, in deaths possibly related to drug abuse. A lock of hair the width of a pen tied at the root end is required for a comprehensive drug screen. The value of providing as full a clinical/occupational/circumstantial history as possible together with a copy of the postmortem report (when available) and of implementing chain-of-custody procedures when submitting samples for analysis cannot be over-emphasised.
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