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Topic: Why is NO3 Charge -1  (Read 16474 times)

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Offline lmaoqwerty

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Why is NO3 Charge -1
« on: February 01, 2008, 02:41:03 AM »
Why is (NO3) Charge -1?

Offline Kryolith

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Re: Why is NO3 Charge -1
« Reply #1 on: February 01, 2008, 05:02:45 AM »
Welcome to the forum  :)

Try to draw the structure. It derives from nitric acid HNO3.

Offline AWK

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Re: Why is NO3 Charge -1
« Reply #2 on: February 01, 2008, 06:24:34 AM »
The -1 charge can be experimentally proved.
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Offline thorium

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Re: Why is NO3 Charge -1
« Reply #3 on: February 01, 2008, 07:52:32 AM »
I think it's because the single bond between nitrogen-oxygen molecule. Am I right?

Offline DevaDevil

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Re: Why is NO3 Charge -1
« Reply #4 on: February 01, 2008, 12:57:33 PM »
the question is interesting. WHY has an ion a charge... The simple answer to that is that the ionic form is more stable than the neutral NO3 would be.

More elaborate: it can be shown from the Molecular Orbital diagram where can be shown that 24 electrons would fill all bonding s and pi orbitals without having any in the antibinding ones. NO3 has 23 electrons (6 per O and 5 for the N), so the -1 form with 24 electrons is the more stable one (this also shows that -2 is not favored as it would have an electron in an antibinding orbital)

in the MO sketch the extra electron is shown in red. It is the last one to fill up the pi bonding orbitals


PS. this might be much more advanced than you want it to be. But in any case the best way to go about these ions and their charges is just to memorize what ion has what charge.

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