Consider the following reaction-
RCO-OH + H-
----------> RCOOR' + H-OH
In the above reaction an acid reacts with a base to form salt[ ester] and water, thus it appears to be a nutralization reaction.
But here, the OH- of water is given by acid[!] and the H+ by the base !!! Now, can we call this a nutralization reaction ?
One of my friends says that as there is no specification about the donor of H+ & OH- in the definition of a nutralization reaction , we should call this as a nutralization reaction!
But, in my opinion , the mechanism of this reaction is also important! As the mechanism of esterification deffers from
that of nutralization reactions, their characteristics differ and thus we can't classify them in a single group.
One of my friends had a notion that here, ROH acts as an acid and RCOOH as a base.But how can they suddenly change their roles? Please help...