If system 2CO + O2 ----> 2 CO2 came to equilibrium, and more CO was added, why does CO2 increase and O2 decrease??
If pressure on the equilibrium system above increases, does the quantity of CO2 increase, decraese or stay the same and why?? (how does pressure affect it)
If more (moles of) CO was added, the concentration of CO also increases, if the volume remains a constant. By Le Chatelier's Principle, to oppose the change/stress, i.e. we want to decrease the concentration of CO, the equilibrium shifts to the right side. Thus, more products (CO2
) will be produced.
If you think about it logically at the molecular level, if you increase the concentration of CO, the probability of successful collision between CO and O2
is more likely than 2 molecules of CO2
For the second part of the question, just apply the same principle. In this case, it's change of pressure. Which side will the chemical equilibrium lie to in order to decrease the pressure? Look at the number of moles of gas on each side. Recall that the number of moles of gas is directly proportional to its volume.