Are their rules about what is produced?
That's what the chemistry is all about
There are general rules, but there are also tons of exclusions.
My tutor gave me general rules as follows:
1) Acid + Reactive Metal = Salt + H20
2) Acid + Base = Salt + H20
3) Acid + Metal Carbonate + Salt + H20 +CO2
You did a mistake writing third rule, but these are OK and should be helpfull.
In other cases you just have to know, or you have to develop some 'chemical intuition' - whatever it means.
1)SiCl4 + H20 = ??
My intuition tells me - either nothing, or hydrolysis to SiO2 plus HCl. Probably the latter.
2)Ca(OH)2 + 2NH4Cl = CaCl2 + 2NH4(OH) (is this rite, cus im guessing)
More or less OK. To be precise I will write not NH4(OH) but NH3(aq) + H2O.
Please help as it is really holding me back!
Don't bother too much - if there will be a closed set of rules describing what are reaction products, chemists will be an extinct species