A) H2O molecules, being polar, form "clusters" around ions. How strong and stable are these "clusters" and what are the units and equations that would express this in a Cl- or K+ etc. ion?
B)Neurons, like most cells, have a "phospholipid bilayer membrane" for thier outer skin. Would the presence of the positive phosphorous ions that make up the part of the membrane which is in contact with the exterior fluid (mostly H2O) result in a membrane surface that is "clustered" so to speak?
C)What effect does the presence of electric charges built into the surface of these membranes have on their dielectric qualities? (and how would one express that in units and formula?")