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Topic: Why is OsO4 sp3 hybridized?  (Read 5352 times)

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Offline stam

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Why is OsO4 sp3 hybridized?
« on: October 15, 2009, 01:43:31 AM »
I am currently taking ochem and just went over oxidation of alkenes using OsO4 catalyst. In passing, my professor mentioned that OsO4 is sp3 hybridized. Why is that so? I mean, aren't we dealing with d orbitals here?

Offline renge ishyo

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Re: Why is OsO4 sp3 hybridized?
« Reply #1 on: October 15, 2009, 12:41:37 PM »
The oxidation state of osmium in this compound is +8. Hence it's d-orbitals are emptied in making the bonds to the oxygen atoms (oxygen is more electronegative and "hogs" the electrons from osmiums d-orbitals to form resonance stabilized double bonds). With the d-orbitals unoccupied, osmium can assume a geometry characteristic of a hybridization between its filled s and p orbitals.

This isn't the only oxide that forms an sp3 configuration with metals even though the metal has d-orbitals. The structures for permanganate ion (MnO4-, with Mn at +7), manganate ion ( MnO42-, with Mn at +6), and Cromate ion (CrO42-, with Cr at +6) give the same geometry, and if you notice these metals are a few rows up the periodic table and appear just to the left of osmium's group.

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