I doubt it. From the Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis (a book you should get comfy with if you're going to do orgo research):
This molecule is "highly prone to polymerization, should be used immediately after preparation." It also states that water-free choloracetaldehyde can be prepared by periodate oxidation of alpha chlorohydrin (JACS 1945, 67, 688).
I imagine that if you distilled it you may have either polymerized the compound or just made the hemiacetal. One good way to find out when you have the question of "is my reagent any good" is to take a quick proton NMR tomorrow before you get going. If it looks like it should, then use it. If not, then don't.