I am not clear on how to write the equation given an acid. The question reads as follows: Write the balanced chemical equation for the following Bronsted-Lowry acids.
a) H3PO4 b) C6H5COOH c) HSO4-
for part a) the answer is H3PO4(aq) + H20(l) <-> H30+(aq) + H2PO4-(aq). I am unclear how I would deduce that the H3PO4 plus the water makes the H2PO4- ion.