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### Topic: Why does Gibbs free energy require constant pressure?  (Read 3078 times)

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#### mahela007

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##### Why does Gibbs free energy require constant pressure?
« on: May 15, 2010, 11:42:22 PM »
All text books and other sources say that the equation for Gibbs free  energy requires that the process by carried out under constant pressure. Why is this?

#### Grundalizer

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##### Re: Why does Gibbs free energy require constant pressure?
« Reply #1 on: May 16, 2010, 12:15:04 AM »

#### Yggdrasil

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##### Re: Why does Gibbs free energy require constant pressure?
« Reply #2 on: May 16, 2010, 02:38:13 AM »
Gibbs free energy (G) is a function of the temperature and pressure of a system as well as the number of molecules of each chemical species (this has to do with the way G is defined).  Therefore, the G is useful for reactions occurring at constant temperature and pressure, because the change in G will reflect only free energy released/absorbed by the reaction you want to study.

There are other definitions of free energy that are useful in other situations.  For example, the Helmhotz free energy depends on the volume of the system and is therefore useful for reactions that occur under conditions of fixed volume.

#### OrganicSynthesis

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##### Re: Why does Gibbs free energy require constant pressure?
« Reply #3 on: May 17, 2010, 02:36:03 PM »
Enthalpy and Entropy changes with pressure, so G = H - ST changes with pressure.