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Topic: What is the pH of a 4.5 x 10^-8 M solution of Nitric Acid?  (Read 4756 times)

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Offline Twoacross

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What is the pH of a 4.5 x 10^-8 M solution of Nitric Acid?
« on: April 07, 2011, 02:07:30 PM »
Just before I post my attempt, the question came with a hint:

The Correct Answer is not 7.35. So im guessing since it is a strong acid, it would completely ionize and finding pH is easy but not in this case it seems.

So my attempt was using the ka value of HNO3, which i found was 28, probably wrong but i continued. From there i calculated kb from:
         
           kb = kw / ka, where kw is 1.00 x 10^-14 so this gave me 3.57 x 10 ^ -16

So from here i set an ice table, when i look at the compound of HNO3, i said that the H ion was inert, so my focus was on the nitrate ion.

So my ice table looks like this:

     NO3^-      +     H2O <=>      OH^- +     HNO3
I 4.5 x 10^-8                             0              0
C      -x                                    +x             +x
E 4.5 x 10^-8-x                          x               x

so here i calculated for x when putting the question in terms of x and i ended up with a pH of 2.602. My teacher told me that this was wrong so i need help on where i could have gone wrong or the correct method to this question

All Help is appreciated

Thank you!


Offline Borek

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Re: What is the pH of a 4.5 x 10^-8 M solution of Nitric Acid?
« Reply #1 on: April 07, 2011, 03:45:39 PM »
Hint: WHY is 7.35 wrong?

What is theoretical pH of a pure water?
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Offline Twoacross

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Re: What is the pH of a 4.5 x 10^-8 M solution of Nitric Acid?
« Reply #2 on: April 07, 2011, 09:10:45 PM »
I know that 7.35 is wrong since that would assume HNO3 is basic. My problem is that how would I solve this numerically? Such as calculating the pH?

Thanks!

Offline enahs

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Re: What is the pH of a 4.5 x 10^-8 M solution of Nitric Acid?
« Reply #3 on: April 07, 2011, 10:24:00 PM »
So, to help you with Boreks hint. Neutral water has a pH of 7.0. What is the concentration of [H+] and [OH-] of neutral water?


Offline Twoacross

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Re: What is the pH of a 4.5 x 10^-8 M solution of Nitric Acid?
« Reply #4 on: April 08, 2011, 12:27:20 AM »
After some calculations, would the concentration of H^+ and OH^- be the same in neutral water?

I did some thinking, if i calculated the concentration of the H ion in the water, which was 1.0 x 10^-7 and added the concentration of the H ion from nitric acid, that would give me the total H concentration, then take the -log of that value and it ended up giving me a pH of 6.84

Could someone confirm or correct me if needed?

Thanks!

Offline AWK

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Re: What is the pH of a 4.5 x 10^-8 M solution of Nitric Acid?
« Reply #5 on: April 08, 2011, 01:49:41 AM »
This is crude approximation in the right direction.
Exact solution uses Kw in the form
(c+x) x = Kw where c is the concentation of strong acid, x - concnetrations of H+ and OH- from dissociation of water.
solve for x and calculate the total H+ concentration c+x.
Show you result and compare with pH=4.84 6.84
« Last Edit: April 08, 2011, 06:32:18 AM by AWK »
AWK

Offline Borek

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Re: What is the pH of a 4.5 x 10^-8 M solution of Nitric Acid?
« Reply #6 on: April 08, 2011, 02:56:37 AM »
I did some thinking, if i calculated the concentration of the H ion in the water, which was 1.0 x 10^-7 and added the concentration of the H ion from nitric acid, that would give me the total H concentration, then take the -log of that value and it ended up giving me a pH of 6.84

You are finally on the right track, even if not there yet. See

http://www.chembuddy.com/?left=pH-calculation&right=pH-strong-acid-base
ChemBuddy chemical calculators - stoichiometry, pH, concentration, buffer preparation, titrations.info, pH-meter.info

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