Heat and Temperature. This is a tricky one for me to picture. So I think we agree that temperature is a measure of thermal or kinetic energy, so the more the molecules are moving around the higher the temperature (right?).
Now, bakegaku, you say that heat is the transfer of thermal energy and temperature is the measure of thermal energy, so what I don't understand is when a phase change occurs (water to steam) for example there is a transfer of energy (does it have to be thermal?) but no increase in temperature. So how can there be a transfer of themal energy but now measured increase in thermal energy?
So is heat simply the transfer of thermal energy? Or can something contain heat? I know if you "heat" a beaker of water you are transfering thermal energy to it, or increasing the kinetic energy of its molecules. Surely the total amount of "energy" contained in a beaker of water is more than just its thermal energy?
This makes my brain hurt, so can someone please elaborate, bakegaku maybe you can tell me more details?