September 24, 2020, 10:07:37 AM
Forum Rules: Read This Before Posting


Topic: When does hybridization occur and when does it not?  (Read 5175 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Offline Aakash

  • Regular Member
  • ***
  • Posts: 39
  • Mole Snacks: +2/-3
When does hybridization occur and when does it not?
« on: December 09, 2013, 02:04:12 PM »
Does hybridization occur in the central atom every time a covalent bond is formed? If not when it is that hybrid orbitals are not formed? Also does hybridization occur in case of only two atoms?

Offline Kate

  • Full Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 197
  • Mole Snacks: +8/-3
  • Gender: Female
Re: When does hybridization occur and when does it not?
« Reply #1 on: December 09, 2013, 03:12:10 PM »
Someone might correct me on this, but the idea I got was that hybridization is just a model to explain certain known facts, like the same C-H bond lengths in methane or molecular geometry, for instance. It doesn't represent reality.

Anyway, yes, hybridization can occur in the case of only two atoms. HF is an example. CO another.

Offline Aakash

  • Regular Member
  • ***
  • Posts: 39
  • Mole Snacks: +2/-3
Re: When does hybridization occur and when does it not?
« Reply #2 on: December 09, 2013, 03:27:44 PM »
Anyway, yes, hybridization can occur in the case of only two atoms. HF is an example. CO another.

always?

Offline antimatter101

  • Full Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 163
  • Mole Snacks: +9/-26
Why atoms hybridise
« Reply #3 on: December 09, 2013, 10:43:10 PM »
There are several reasons why atoms hybridise when bonding. Let us consider the first row elements.

1) Unhybridised orbitals differ in energy. Recall that the s orbital is more stable than the p orbital, which is more stable than the d orbital, which is more stable than the f. As a result, bonding with the individual orbitals alone would cause differences in energy in each bond, thus unfavourable altering the shape of the molecule.

2) The electron shells of atoms repel each other. Not considering the effect of bonding, the hydrogen atoms in methane would prefer to be as far apart from each other as possible, in the shape of a tetrahedron. By hybridising, the molecule adopts a conformation which reduces repulsion between bonded atoms.

3) Unhybridised orbitals simply cannot bond effectively. The s orbital orbits the nucleus in the shape of a sphere, with no direction to bonded atoms; while the p orbitals have two equivalent ends which reduce the efficiency of bonding by half. However, hybridised orbitals (sp, sp2, sp3) have one end larger than the other, so that they can bond effectively.

Offline Aakash

  • Regular Member
  • ***
  • Posts: 39
  • Mole Snacks: +2/-3
Re: When does hybridization occur and when does it not?
« Reply #4 on: December 10, 2013, 08:37:15 AM »
Thanks.

Sponsored Links