September 23, 2020, 05:23:31 PM
Forum Rules: Read This Before Posting

Topic: Electron Affinity Series  (Read 3169 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Offline sn1sn2e1e2

  • Regular Member
  • ***
  • Posts: 31
  • Mole Snacks: +0/-0
Electron Affinity Series
« on: March 25, 2014, 09:47:40 PM »
Which process RELEASES the most energy?

(A) Mg2+ (g) + e-  :rarrow:  Mg2+(g)
(B) Mg+(g) + e-  :rarrow: Mg(g)
(C) Na2+(g) +e-  :rarrow: Na+(g)
(D) Na+(g) +e-  :rarrow: Na(g)

I chose C because...

Electron Affinity= E(initial) minus E(final) and since Na2+ is highly unstable (so high in energy) and Na+ (low in energy because favorable configuration)= large, position energy release

Can you check if my explanation is correct? ^^^

Offline Rutherford

  • Sr. Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 1868
  • Mole Snacks: +60/-29
  • Gender: Male
Re: Electron Affinity Series
« Reply #1 on: March 26, 2014, 12:17:27 PM »
I would choose C, too.

Offline mjc123

  • Chemist
  • Sr. Member
  • *
  • Posts: 1775
  • Mole Snacks: +252/-11
Re: Electron Affinity Series
« Reply #2 on: March 27, 2014, 09:34:15 AM »
I agree with C, but saying "Na2+ is higher energy than Na+" is not really an explanation, more a restatement of the question. Why is it higher?
Perhaps it is easier (I find it so) to turn the question round and ask which of the following ionisation processes requires most energy input:
Mg+  :rarrow: Mg2+ + e
Mg  :rarrow: Mg+ + e
Na +  :rarrow: Na2+ + e
Na  :rarrow: Na+ + e
Ask yourself: which electron is being removed in each case?

Sponsored Links