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Topic: Chemistry books (Metals and Minerals?)  (Read 1993 times)

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Offline 1goga1

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Chemistry books (Metals and Minerals?)
« on: April 08, 2014, 06:10:30 AM »
Hi, so, i work in a analytical laboratory, and everething was fine.
I was working mostly with Fuel Oils, Fertilizers, Grain, Acids and Coal/Coke/Shale stuff. (Simple straightforward analysis)
But now i am working with HBI (hot-briquetted iron) Ferrochromes (Low Carbon, High Carbon FeCR, FeSiCr, FeMnCr) and Iron Ores.
I was wondering if anyone could suggest me a book(-s) (in English) that could enlighten me in the chemistry of different metals. (Fe, Cr, Ti, Ni, Zn, Mn, Ca, Na, Co, Mo, Si, Se, Al... all of them if possible :P ). Mainly i would like to know, how different metals (metal alloys) react with different acids (what end products i will recive, is there a possibility of getting insoluble products (like some carbides), or is it possible that some metals could evaporate with HF, HCl and etc., under what conditions this can happen and so on). How presence of one metal can affect the other in alloys and things like that.

I know that i may be asking for too mcuh... but still,

Thank you in advance!!

P.S. I am sorry for my English, it is not my native language. I speak better than i write  ;D

Offline DoctorDomo

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Re: Chemistry books (Metals and Minerals?)
« Reply #1 on: April 08, 2014, 01:27:14 PM »
All good inorganic chemistry books have sections dedicated to the chemistry of all the different metal and non metal groups, but sounds like you want a book that specialises in alloys and the reactivity of the various elements and compounds that are used to make them. I'll see if I can dig some books up for you.

Its such a wide topic that you're asking about, I'd say just get a good book on Inorganic Chemistry. I can vouch for Shriver & Atkins: Inorganic Chemistry. You need a book on alloys too.

You mentioned evaporating metals, heres a reaction you might be interested in:
A reaction that you might be interested in:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nickel_tetracarbonyl#Preparation
Quote
Ni(CO)4 was first synthesised in 1890 by Ludwig Mond by the direct reaction of nickel metal with CO.[3] This pioneering work foreshadowed the existence of many other metal carbonyl compounds, including those of V, Cr, Mn, Fe, and Co. It was also applied industrially to the purification of nickel by the end of the 19th century.[4]

At 323 K (50 °C (122 °F)), carbon monoxide is passed over impure nickel. The optimal rate occurs at 130 °C.[5]

Ni(CO)4 is not readily available commercially. It is conveniently generated in the laboratory by carbonylation of commercially available bis(cyclooctadiene)nickel(0)
Nickel tetracarbonyl is a gas at room temperature, so this is a good way of purifying nickel. Another example of a metal being turned into a gas is osmium. Oxidising osmium produces osmium tetroxide gas. In many cases, reacting metals with gases produces the metal salts, which are gonna be solid and have high melting points. Bases on the other hand, many of them can bind to the metals and form coordination complexes, some of which might be gases at room temperature.

I'm at the library right now, I'll see if I can find any good books on alloys and metal reactivitiy.

Offline 1goga1

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Re: Chemistry books (Metals and Minerals?)
« Reply #2 on: April 15, 2014, 03:15:02 AM »
Thank you for an advise, I have some good books on Inorganic Chemistry, but unfortunatelly they do not touch metall alloys. Maybe someone could give me a hint, where could i find (or in what field of Chemistry i should look) a book with different alloys and their chemical/physical properties. I have gathered some basic infromation for metall alloys from the internet (manufacturers websites and etc.), but i was hopenig that there may be a book that could sum up some basics for most common ferro(metall-)alloys.

Also i have found a beautiful table, with all the metalls and how different acids affect them

I`ll just leave it here, maybe someone will also find it useful
(http://www.novedu.ru/2000/metsolv.htm)

It is in russian (my native language), but if anyone is interested, i can translate it in to English (if google translate doesn`t help)

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