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Topic: Problem based on basic chemical equation  (Read 5190 times)

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Offline xstrae

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Problem based on basic chemical equation
« on: June 15, 2006, 12:04:15 PM »
I came across this question in a book. can somoene help me out?

A metal oxide is reduced by heating it in a stream of hydrogen. It is found that after complete reduction, 3.15g of the oxide has yielded 1.05g of the metal. Which of the following is true?

(A): The atomic weight of the metal is 8
(B): The atomic weight of the metal is 4
(C): The equivalent weight of the metal is 4.
(D): The equivalent weight of the metal is 8.

Thanks! :)

Offline Borek

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Re: Problem based on basic chemical equation
« Reply #1 on: June 16, 2006, 04:32:39 AM »
Show what you did.
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Offline xstrae

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Re: Problem based on basic chemical equation
« Reply #2 on: June 16, 2006, 10:39:42 AM »
ok here goes.
I first looked at the choices. since A and B say atomic weight is 4 and 8 then the valency of the metal must be 2. According to this logic i framed the equation :

                     MO     +    H2 --->    M     + H2O       (M is the metal and x is the atomic mass)
                    3.15                      1.05
                   x + 16                       x 

Using unitary method, i got x = 8.40
Therefore, option A must be the correct answer.

But the right answer is C.. can u please explain how?


 

Offline Borek

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Re: Problem based on basic chemical equation
« Reply #3 on: June 16, 2006, 10:48:48 AM »
How do you know oxide formula is MO? It could be any MxOy.
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Offline xstrae

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Re: Problem based on basic chemical equation
« Reply #4 on: June 16, 2006, 11:09:05 AM »
ya thats where the flaw is. I assumed its MO because atomic number 4 and 8 suggest that valency is plus or minus 2. How else can u do it?

Offline Borek

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Re: Problem based on basic chemical equation
« Reply #5 on: June 16, 2006, 11:18:59 AM »
Try to do it for "general" oxide MxOy - you will see that mass of M must be multpilication of some weight - this weight is just an equivalent.
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Offline xstrae

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Re: Problem based on basic chemical equation
« Reply #6 on: June 17, 2006, 10:51:24 AM »
hey borek.. isnt equivalent weight of a compound also defined as the number of parts by weight of a compound that combines with or displaces directly or indirectly 8 parts by weight of oxygen?

so in this case the metal's weight is 1.05g and since the metal oxide weights 3.15 grams, the weight of oxygen in the metal oxide is equal to 2.10g.

1.05 g of the metal ----> 2.10 g of oxygen
'x' g of metal ----> 8g of Oxygen

therefore x= 4.
is that correct? thanks for your help

Offline Borek

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Re: Problem based on basic chemical equation
« Reply #7 on: June 17, 2006, 12:01:51 PM »
OK, although there are much more general ways of finding answer, not based of very specific definition (which is not always true BTW - it fails for peroxides and superoxides).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equivalent_weight
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Offline xstrae

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Re: Problem based on basic chemical equation
« Reply #8 on: June 17, 2006, 01:09:06 PM »
ok got it. thanks for your *delete me*

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