December 07, 2021, 08:10:00 PM
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Topic: Mechanism of 2,6-dibromo-3-hydroxybenzaldehyde formation using chloroform  (Read 1926 times)

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Offline Bartfive

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Hi

Does anyone know why 2,6-dibromo-3-hydroxybenzaldehyde is formed not 2,4-dibromo-5-hydroxybenzaldehyde during the bromination of 3-hydroxybenzaldehyde on chloroform?

If you know mechanisms or have source for the mechanism I would appreciate that!!


thanks

B

Offline Babcock_Hall

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Re: Mechanism of 2,6-dibromo-3-hydroxybenzaldehyde formation using chloroform
« Reply #1 on: November 15, 2017, 08:55:42 PM »
It is a Forum Rule (see red link) that you must show your attempt before we can help you.

Offline Bartfive

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Re: Mechanism of 2,6-dibromo-3-hydroxybenzaldehyde formation using chloroform
« Reply #2 on: November 16, 2017, 03:34:48 PM »


Hi,

Sorry, I probably asked question in incorrect way.

When 3-hydoxybenzaldehyde is brominated on mildly polar solvents like chloroform, phenoxy ion is not formed therefore arene ring is less activate (also aldehyde group is EWG). Solvent itself is not helpful  with stabilizing a (+)Br-Br(-) resonance, which again does not help bromination. There is a third factor: substitution of hydrogen with bromine makes arene ring even less active towards another substitution. In conclusion: bromination of 3-hydroxybenzaldehyde leads to di-bromo derivatives


Taking under consideration above facts, after reaction I should 2,4-dibromo-5-hydroxybenzaldehyde (less sterically hindered) or mixture of 2,4-dibromo-5-hydroxybenzaldehyde + 2,6-dibromo-3-hydroxybenzaldehyde.
But I have only 2,6-dibromo-3-hydroxybenzaldehyde (attached NMR of 2,6-dibromo-3-methoxybenzaldehyde- cant find hydroxy on my PC)


Does anyone know why do I have only one derivative which is sterically more hindered?!


thanks

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Offline orgopete

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Re: Mechanism of 2,6-dibromo-3-hydroxybenzaldehyde formation using chloroform
« Reply #3 on: December 05, 2017, 10:04:44 AM »
I think you may find it difficult to predict ortho-para ratios if you look at a lot of reactions. None the less, I did a quick search and I found the 2,4-dihalo-3-hydroxybenzaldehydes are commercially available. It would appear the bromination has a strong preference for ortho attack.
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