This is not a standard redox reaction, with an oxidising agent and a reducing agent. It is what is called a disproportionation, in which some of the starting material is oxidised and some is reduced. You start with all P(+3), some of it is oxidised to P(+5) and some reduced to P(-3).
By the way, you should try balancing your equation. Not only the numbers of atoms, but also the oxidation numbers, should balance.