December 05, 2019, 10:18:05 PM
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Topic: Dilute Buffer Preparation from a Moderately Strong Acid  (Read 248 times)

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Offline AussieKenDoll

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Dilute Buffer Preparation from a Moderately Strong Acid
« on: April 11, 2019, 02:43:25 PM »
What will be the pH if 0.010 0 mol of HA (with pKa =2.00) and 0.010 0 mol of A- are dissolved in water to make 1.00 L of solution?
See the attached pic for the answer to this question from Daniel C.Harris Quantitative Chemical Analysis book page 180
I don't understand how he solved for x? is there any approximation to consider or what?

Offline AWK

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Re: Dilute Buffer Preparation from a Moderately Strong Acid
« Reply #1 on: April 11, 2019, 05:32:11 PM »
The Henderson-Hasselbach equation gives approximately 5% concentration error for H3O+ with a ratio c_acid/K_acid of about 500 and more (which is equivalent to the error of about 0.02 pH units). In this example, this ratio is equal to 1. Therefore, the author uses a different, but sufficient, simplification - it takes into account the dissociation of the acid, and ignore the autoprotolysis of water and the effect of ionic strength.
This simplification leads to a quadratic equation.
AWK

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