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Analytical electrochemistry in textiles : bharatbook.com
« on: March 04, 2008, 06:45:30 AM »
Analytical electrochemistry in textiles

by P Westbroek, G Priniotakis, Technological Educational Institute of Piraeus, Greece and P Kiekens, University of Ghent, Belgium

Analytical electrochemistry in textiles...

 - provides an overview of the synergy between electrochemistry and textiles
 - an invaluable reference tool for textile, chemist and material science academics as well as textile manufacturers, processors, dyers, colourists and finishers

Electrochemistry is the study of chemical reactions with an exchange of electrons, and of the chemical phenomena that are caused by the action of applied currents and voltages. Analytical electrochemistry in textiles provides an overview of the synergy between electrochemistry and textiles, and the possibilities and innovative character of electrochemistry for textiles.

Analytical electrochemistry in textiles is divided into four parts. In the first part an overview is given of the theory of electrochemistry as well as of practical considerations. The second part contains chapters in which the development of sensors is described for the optimisation and automation of textile finishing processes. In the third part the fundamentals of textile electrodes, used in a wide variety of applications, are summarised, as well as offering a developed study of a quality control method. Finally, the fourth part of the book is related to the functionalisation of fibres through chemical and electrochemical modification and some applications are given for these types of textile related electrodes.

Written so that both non-electrochemists and non-textile specialists can understand it, Analytical electrochemistry in textiles will be an important guide for textile, chemist and material science academics. It will also prove of great benefit for textile manufacturers, processors, dyers, colourists and finishers.

Contents of Analytical electrochemistry in textiles :

Part 1: Theoretical Considerations

Fundamentals in electrochemistry
P Westbroek
 - General introduction
 - What is an electrochemical reaction? Conventions for presentation of electrochemical data
 - Classification of electrochemical methods
 - Two electrode setup
 - Three electrode setup
 - Charge transfer and transport phenomena

Electrochemical methods
P Westbroek
 - Potentiometry
 - Cyclic voltammetry
 - Impedance of electrochemical systems
 - Chronoamperometry
 - Other voltammetric methods

Part 2: Electrochemistry in Textile Finishing

Probes for pH measurement and simultaneous cellulose removal and bleaching of textiles with enzymes
P Westbroek and P Kiekens
 - General introduction
 - Ion-selective electrodes
 - Glass membrane electrodes
 - Simultaneous cellulose removal and bleaching with enzymes

Electrochemical behaviour of hydrogen peroxide oxidation: kinetics and mechanisms
P Westbroek and P Kiekens
 - Introduction
 - Use of hydrogen peroxide in textile bleaching processes
 - Determination methods of hydrogen peroxide
 - Voltammetric behaviour
 - Detection of high hydrogen peroxide concentrations with amperometric method
 - Theoretical I-E relationship for mechanism 1
 - Theoretical I-E relationship for mechanism 2
 - The pseudo-limiting current
 - Combination of rate equations of both mechanisms

Amperometric detection of hydrogen peroxide in bleaching and washing processes
P Westbroek and P Kiekens
 - Introduction
 - Influence of temperature
 - Behaviour of the sensor electrode at laboratory scale
 - Behaviour of the sensor in industrial environment
 - Expanding the sensor system for processes occurring at pH less than 10.5

Simultaneous detection of indigo and sodium dithionite for control of dyeing processes
P Westbroek and P Kiekens
 - Introduction
 - Basic electrochemical reactions of dithionite and sulphite
 - Kinetic limitations in oxidation of dithionite and sulphite
 - Mechanism of the charge transfer kinetics of dithionite oxidation
 - Detection of sodium dithionite
 - Detection of indigo
 - Simultaneous detection of sodium dithionite, sulphite and indigo at a wall-jet electrode

Advantages of electrocatalytic reactions in textile applications, an example: electrocatalytic oxidation of sodium dithionite at a phthalocyanine and pophyrin cobalt(II) modified gold electrode
P Westbroek
 - Introduction
 - Electrodeposition of Co(II)TSPc at gold electrodes
 - Analysis of the data
 - Electrocatalysis with modified gold electrodes towards sodium dithionite

Part 3: Textile Electrodes

Intelligent/smart materials and textiles: an overview
G Priniotakis
 - Introduction
 - Smart materials
 - Smart/intelligent textiles
 - Electrotextiles
 - Intelligent Clothing

Characterisation of electrochemical cell for textile electrode studies and quality control
G Priniotakis, P Westbroek and P Kiekens
 - Characterization of an electrochemical cell
 - Method for quality control of textile electrodes

Electroconductive textile electrodes for detection and analysis of sweat and urine
P Westbroek, G Priniotakis and P Kiekens
 - Introduction
 - Description of the cell configuration
 - Conditions to use yarn electrodes
 - Cell configuration with immobilized electrolyte solution
 - Experiments with artificial sweat and under real time conditions

Part 4: Modified Fibres and its Applications

Chemical metallization and galvanization as a method for development of electroconductive polyacrylonitrile fibers
P Westbroek and P Kiekens
 - Introduction
 - Optimisation of process parameters in polyacrylonitrile production for metallization with nickel
 - Optimisation of electroconductive PAN fibre production

Textile fibers used as electrode materials in analytical applications
P Westbroek
 - Introduction
 - A platinum fiber electrode for detection of Cu(II) and Cu(I) in non-aqueous solution
 - Determination of SO2 reactions as a function of pH and its detection at modified carbon fibre electrodes
 - Gold fibre textile electrodes obtained through chemical modification for the detection of Ce(IV) during polymerization reactions of bio-polymers

For more information kindly visit: http://www.bharatbook.com/detail.asp?id=7245

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